Phase 3: Build

Site management

This activity builds up students’ understanding of the main supervisory and management roles on site. An extension activity offers you the chance to explore some of the many subcontractor roles, and how different subcontractors are managed within the site team structure.


  • Introduce this in the context of students’ future careers – who will supervise them on site?
  • Consider a list of the main site roles (you could use a simple list of jobs or steps as a framework for this).

Main activity

  • Use Who organises a site? to explore some of the main roles. Students work in pairs.


  • Discuss the importance of each role and the need for specialisation. Structures often simplify communication links – who else might need to work with whom, in addition to the lines drawn, and why?
  • Set a homework task to research a role of interest.


Easier/Level 1:
Deliver the above as a whole-class activity. Alternatively, play a matching game: Print the table and cut it up. Students must match roles and descriptions to re-create their table. They could organise the roles on the desk to create a structure and copy this onto a sheet of paper.

Omit the template and get students to create this from scratch.


This task involves reading for information and then organising it. Specify which student should read the table, to help those in most need to develop their reading for information skills.

Answers: Who organises a site?

The structure of the site team can vary depending on the needs of each project, but all will have these elements in common:

The Architect has overall responsibility. Site work is completed by contractor companies, and so the Architect employs a Clerk of Works (who may work for the Architect, or be a contractor themselves) to oversee the team of contractors and ensure that the project adheres to the specifications, construction standards, materials and schedule agreed by the Architect and client.

A project manager co-ordinates all on-site activity. They delegate the day to day management to a Site Manager, who is assisted by specialists that include the Buyer, Planner, Safety Officer and Site Engineer. Reporting to the Site Manager will be the Foremen and Managers that oversee all craft and non-craft tradesmen.Download a sample site structure.

  • Use Subcontractors as an optional extension. Start with the operatives and craft trades in the structure template. Might they all work for the one contractor or for different companies? Complete the discussion/research activity to find examples. The activity to include subcontractors in the site structure is an optional task for more able studentsM.




Forgotten your login details?

Register now for a new account and track your students' progress as they work through the website.